ERIC Number: ED155673
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-May
Reference Count: 0
Using the Cloze Procedure as an Instructional Device: What the Literature Says.
Grant, Patricia L.
Instruction that promotes the awareness and use of contextual aids in reading may be achieved by use of the cloze procedure in the classroom; training with the cloze procedure helps to focus the attention of the student on the conceptual aspect of reading rather than on the perceptual, and may be used from the primary grades through college. This paper reviews the literature from 1953 to 1974 on the use of the cloze procedure as an instructional device. Recommendations for the use of the cloze device in instruction include the following: begin with a two-item multiple-choice format in material that is at or below the student's independent reading level; instruct students to read silently the entire cloze passage; discuss progress; do not demand the exact word, but accept close guesses and synonymns; use a self-checking format; have students make comparison of cloze passages with the original passage; and make use of systematic, organized, long term instruction. (DF)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association (23rd, Houston, Texas, May 1-5, 1978)