ERIC Number: ED155651
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Jun
Reference Count: 0
What the Study of Eye Movement Reveals about Reading.
McConkie, George W.
Greater understanding of reading can come about only after more basic reading research has been accomplished. Basic research should focus on what constitutes good reading, which means that the type of research that will identify characteristics of good reading must be a detailed assessment of variable effects on reading behaviors (not whether "x" improves reading, but how "x" affects reading behavior). An example of good basic reading research concerns the relation of eye movements to reading behaviors. One model of eye movement control assumes little relation between eye movements and cognitive processes, postulating that good readers make rhythmic eye movements across the page and process information from one fixation during a later fixation. Research was conducted in which visual display materials were manipulated in order to observe and carefully analyze the eye movements and changes in eye fixations of the subjects. This research contrasted with some of the assumptions made in the eye movement control model, showing the need for continued research in eye movements, and indicating how such research could be used to study skilled reading behavior. (Discussion following presentation of the paper is included.) (RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on Theory and Practice of Beginning Reading Instruction, University of Pittsburgh, Learning Research and Development Center, June 1976; For related documents see, CS 004 132-133, CS 004 135, CS 004 137-173, ED 125 315 and ED 145 399