ERIC Number: ED155649
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Helping Disadvantaged Children Learn to Read by Teaching Them Phoneme Identification Skills.
Wallach, Michael A.; Wallach, Lise
The rationale, development, and implementation of a reading program designed to teach disadvantaged children the skills prerequisite to learning to read are discussed in this paper. Of particular importance are skills in the recognition and manipulation of basic speech sounds, phonemes. The first of the program's three parts takes two and one-half months and consists of learning to recognize starting phonemes in words, recognizing letter shapes, and connecting the letter shapes with their phonemes. During the second part of the program, occupying approximately two or three weeks, children learn to blend phonemes into words, gaining practice in recognizing and manipulating phonemes in any position within a word. In the third part of the program, lasting through the remainder of the school year, children meet stringent mastery standards for reading with comprehension and learn new words by means of the techniques developed in the first two stages of instruction. When the program was used at two Chicago inner city schools, most of the students showed marked reading improvement. Discussion following presentation of the paper is included. (RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on Theory and Practice of Beginning Reading Instruction, University of Pittsburgh, Learning Research and Development Center, June 1976; Some parts of the document may be marginally legible; For related documents see, CS 004 132-133, CS 004 135, CS 004 137-173, ED 125 315 and ED 145 399