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ERIC Number: ED155602
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Development of a Standard Reading Test Designed to Discriminate Effectively at the Adolescent Level.
McLeod, John; Anderson, Jonathan
To investigate the dramatic reduction in the discriminating power of reading tests with children above the ages of 10-11 years, a test was devised based on the GAP test, itself based on the cloze technique shown to be effective in assessing reader comprehension. The GAP tests requires the reader to supply words deleted from a passage of continuous prose. Deletions were selected from words shown to be totally redundant from experiments with fluent readers (628 education students at Kedron Teacher's College, Australia, who were given copies of 192 different Test forms). Further experimentation was conducted with 5,505 students, grades 2-12, which showed that even when prose passages of quite high readability (difficult reading) were used in cloze-type tests, discriminatory power deteriorated in children aged 11-12 years when words whose redundancy was virtually 100% (totally unambiguous to fluent readers) were selected for deletion. Further research indicated that if words were deleted whose estimated redundancies were less than 100%, discrimination between readers was maintained up to ages 16-17 years. (Tables of experimental data, references, and test instructions are included.) (DF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Study prepared at University of Saskatchewan; Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document