ERIC Number: ED155590
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Teacher Teaches Thinking Skills; Dx and Rx for Students' Self Talk.
Matthews, Joan M.
Self talk (thoughts about one's self and own performance while learning or working) can affect cognitive and learning strategies that in turn affect specific learning techniques. Negative self talk can interfere with learning since it reinforces feelings of failure, thereby increasing the probability of continued failure, and maintains an unproductive level of anxiety. Remedies for negative self talk include teaching learners to become aware of what they are doing and to refocus their thinking and attention in more productive ways. A case study of a student whose negative self talk interfered with her reading comprehension demonstrates how her instructor, after hearing her "think aloud," helped her to develop more effective learning strategies as well as more effective self talk. Teachers can gain access to students' self talk in one-to-one testing situations, class discussions of self talk, and one-to-one sessions in which students think aloud as they work on solving problems. Interventions for negative self talk include emphasizing that self talk is a habit that needs to be retrained, teaching task-relevant self talk, and reinforcing positive self talk at every opportunity. (GW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western College Reading Association (11th, Long Beach, California, March 16-19, 1978)