ERIC Number: ED155527
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
The Correlated Structure of Child Abuse: Advances Toward a Social Indicator Model.
Cappell, Charles L.; Mays, Karlene L.
The authors, critical of psychoanalytic paradigms used in the analysis of the perpetrators of child abuse, formulate an alternative model based on theoretical and empirical insights from social learning theory. The discussion focuses on the environmental contingencies of the sociopsychological states of families. To test several hypotheses based on the model, which suggests that sources of stress and relatively few response alternatives are associated with increased danger, the authors surveyed a 20% sample (N=78) of active cases under supervision of Protective Service workers during 1973-1974 at the Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) in Chicago. The empirical findings indicate that, even within the subpopulation of families under DCFS supervision, the model is able to discriminate among families with greater degrees of perceived danger for the children. Besides the major factor of the child's age, factors which center on the female caretaker in the family contribute most to the discrimination. Specifically, measures which indicate the degree of stress the female caretaker may be experiencing with regard to her personal expectations of income and educational attainment as well as the potentially stressful situations in which the caretaker must perform her child-rearing tasks are revealed to be important. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Illinois Univ., Chicago. Chicago Circle Campus.
Authoring Institution: N/A