ERIC Number: ED155489
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-May
Work and Family in the School Leaving Years: A Comparison of Female High School Graduates and Dropouts.
Mott, Frank L.; Shaw, Lois B.
A study (based on data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience) was conducted to determine the causes and consequences for women of leaving high school before completion. Four factors (race, school leaving, motherhood, and employment status) were explored by comparing data obtained annually between 1968 and 1973 for 5,000 women, consisting of both dropouts and graduates. The findings indicated (1) that pregnancy and childbirth are the causes of premature school leaving; (2) that the presence of a child prevents many women from finding meaningful work at a reasonable salary and from taking formal training programs; (3) that dropouts are less likely to have had extensive employment experiences before leaving school and to possess the skills employers need and therefore suffer from higher unemployment rates than graduates; (4) that because of their limited skills and experience, dropouts demand lower salaries than graduates, and welfare then becomes the only viable alternative for them, especially if child care responsibilities are involved; (5) that black women more strongly feel the economic need for further training and are more interested in returning to school; (6) that blacks do not earn as much as white women regardless of their previous work experience; and (7) that black women who have young children are more likely to be on welfare. Due to a decline in the birth rate, an increase in the number of women completing high school, and the recommended increase in availability of birth control measures for teenagers, the future number of female dropouts and the problems they encounter were seen as steadily declining. (ELG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Human Resource Research.