ERIC Number: ED155343
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Work Expectations, Human Capital Accumulation, and the Wages of Young Women.
Sandell, Steven H.; Shapiro, David
Based on the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women aged fourteen to twenty-four in 1968, a study was made to determine the impact that women's ex ante labor market expectations have on their salary and development and to examine the effect of women's postschool training and maturation (human capital accumulation) on wages. Six findings resulted from analysis of the empirical evidence: (1) the emphasis that young white women place on on-the-job training is positively related to their expected work attachment; (2) of the two types of training, specific and general, only the investment in general training is affected by future work expectations; (3) postschool investment in on-the-job training is a major factor in wages and wage growth among young women; (4) although maturation plays an important role in wage growth, its importance declines with age, and its effect is smaller for women than men; (5) significant racial differences exist in wage determination; and (6) young women tend to underestimate the length of their future work life, so some therefore may underinvest in on-the-job training. The incorrect expectations of women regarding the extent of their participation in the labor force were found to account in part for the existing gap between female and male wages. (ELG)
Descriptors: Employed Women, Expectation, Human Capital, Human Development, Job Training, Maturation, Occupational Aspiration, Promotion (Occupational), Racial Differences, Sex Differences, Wages, Work Attitudes, Work Life Expectancy
Center for Human Resource Research, Library, 1375 Perry Street, Suite 585, Columbus, Ohio 43201 ($0.80 in limited quantities)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Human Resource Research.