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ERIC Number: ED155245
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Success and Failure: Factors in Female Aspiration Behavior.
Stake, Jayne E.
On the basis of evidence showing the effect of failure on males and mixed sex groups and on the basis of Horner's theory regarding the effect of success on females, it was hypothesized in this study that both success and failure feedback would disrupt female goal setting, and lead to less positive affect. Seventy-five female undergraduates were assigned to an experimental program in which they received failure, success, or neutral feedback with regard to their performance on a digit symbol task. Contrary to prediction, success subjects set more realistic goals than control subjects and did not indicate less positive affect than controls. Also, failure subjects set less realistic goals, felt less confident about reading their goals, and felt worse about their performance than did success subjects. These findings indicate that reactions to failure, but not reactions to success, interfered with female aspiration behavior. Rather than continuing to search out evidence for fear of success, it is concluded that greater attention should be given to factors, specific to women, that are associated with failure and fears of failure. Possible factors include lower expectations for occupational success and lack of defensiveness against negative feelings aroused by failure. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A