ERIC Number: ED155097
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
The Moral and Spiritual Development of Free People. A Challenge for the Public Schools.
Jenkins, Robert E.
Values must play an important role in public school curricula. Recent increases in crime rates among youth, and divorces which change a child's family environment, indicate a need for young Americans to have guidance in their moral development. This problem has been considered by professional educational groups for over five decades. A review of position statements and conference reports from groups such as the American Council on Education and the American Association of School Administrators indicates that the moral and spiritual development of American children is indeed a basic responsibility of the public schools. But what values and ethical codes should be emphasized? In his book "Excellence," John Gardner pointed out that society must have concensus on basic issues in order to progress. Commissions and researchers have generally identified fundamental values to include devotion to truth, moral equality, brotherhood, common consent, self-esteem, and justice. Early American and European schools tried to instill values through a direct approach using pledges, creeds, and memorized verses. A contemporary approach employs values clarification techniques in which skilled teachers guide students through weighing pros and cons of various values and arriving at their own decisions. Teachers and administrators should be models of integrity and upright conduct. A planned K-12 program in moral development should include behavioral goals, curriculum infusion, opportunities for student experience, and in-service education for teachers and administrators. (AV)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Philosophy, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Moral Development, Public Schools, School Responsibility, School Role, Social Problems, Student Needs, Teacher Role, Values, Youth
Office of the Dean, School of Human Development and Community Service, California State University, Fullerton, California 92634 ($2.50 paperbound, $2.00 each for 5 or more copies)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California State Univ., Fullerton.
Note: Notes and selected bibliography on pages 33-34 may not reproduce clearly in hard copy due to small type size of original document