ERIC Number: ED155072
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Oct
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of Federal R & D Funding by Function, Fiscal Years 1969-1978. Survey of Science Resources Series.
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Because U.S. government expenditures for research and development (R & D) comprise more than half of the total national support in these areas, the government plays the major role in determining the nature and objectives of R & D efforts. This report examines the federal response to national needs in terms of R & D support and changing R & D priorities. There are two major parts to the report. In part I, federal R & D priorities are identified in order of financial expenditures in 1977. They are national defense, space, energy, health, environment, science and technology, transportation and communication, natural resources, agriculture, education, social services, economic growth, international development, and crime prevention. Fart II explains federal R & D functions in detail. A review of the federal budget shows that R & D obligations were an estimated $24.5 billion in fiscal year 1977, representing an average annual growth rate of 5.8% since 1969. The six leading R & D functional areas (defense, space, energy, health, environment, and science and technology) have been the focus of most of the recent growth. Between 1969 and 77, a sharp rise occurred in the emphasis on civilian R & D programs. During this period the defense/space share of the federal R & D total dropped from 77% to an estimated 61%, while civilian R & D programs grew from 23% to an estimated 39%. An appendix presents technical notes and statistical tables. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Budgeting, Budgets, Cost Indexes, Data Analysis, Energy, Environmental Research, Expenditures, Federal Aid, Federal Programs, Financial Support, Government Role, Longitudinal Studies, National Defense, Research Criteria, Research Needs, Research Projects, Social Problems, Space Sciences, Statistical Analysis, Tables (Data), Trend Analysis
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock No. 038-000-00356-9, $2.75, paper cover)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Note: Not available in hard copy due to small type size and use of color in many charts; For a related document, see ED 135 635