ERIC Number: ED154909
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Maternal Time Use and Preschool Performance.
Goldberg, Roberta J.
This study investigated (1) the amount of time mothers spend with preschoolers in specific activities related to cognitive development and the level of intensity of contact shared between mother and child during these activities; (2) sociodemographic variables which influence mothers' time spent with children; and (3) relations between mothers' time spent with children and multiple measures of cognitive development and school-readiness skills in children measured independently. The sample consisted of 93 middle class children aged 54 to 71 months and their mothers. The children were tested in their schools with a multiple battery of tasks tapping pre-achievement skills, learning and memory skills, intelligence and individual personality differences relevant to problem solving. In addition, teachers were asked to rate the children's cognitive abilities, classroom skills and personal-social skills. Information about the amount and nature of time the mothers spent with their children was obtained using an interview schedule and a daily diary instrument. Results are presented for (1) effects of different levels of maternal education, number of hours a mother worked per week, child's age, and child's sex on the amount of time mothers reported spending with their preschool children at various levels of contact and in various activities during the day; and (2) effects of maternal time and education on children's preschool performance. (JMB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)