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ERIC Number: ED154907
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Children's Cued Retrieval and the Structure of Semantic Memory.
Bjorklund, David F.; And Others
This study manipulated the relations between target and cue words in two cued-recall experiments with children based on the assumptions that: (1) the target cue relations that are most consistent with a child's semantic memory organization result in the highest levels of recall, and that (2) the optimal target-cue relationships may change with age, reflecting changes in semantic structure. In the first experiment, kindergarten, third and sixth graders were orally presented with three 12-item lists of unrelated words for cued recall. Acoustic, categorical, and functional cues were provided. Responses indicated significantly greater performance with category cues relative to functional and acoustic cues at all grade levels. In the second experiment kindergarten, third and sixth grade children, and college students were given two 15-item lists for cued recall. One-third of the items in each list were category typical items cued by category labels; one-third were atypical items cued by their category labels, and one-third were familiar nouns cued by unrelated words. Results of this experiment indicated that recall with typical items was greater than recall with atypical items for all ages, and that the difference between typical and atypical items generally decreased with age. (CM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Southeastern Conference on Human Development (5th, Atlanta, Georgia, April 27-29, 1978)