ERIC Number: ED154905
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Language Background and Socio-Economic Status on Screening Procedures for the Early Identification of Learning Problems.
Gershman, Janis; Kershaw, Joan
This follow-up study investigated the accuracy of screening measures used to detect potential learning problems in kindergarten and Grade 1 children by the Toronto Early Identification and Developmental Program (EIDP). The effect of students' language background and socioeconomic status on the predictive validity of the identification procedure was also assessed. Follow-up data were obtained for more than 2,000 of the 4,000 students who had been involved in the EIDP four years before. The identification procedure consisted of two psychological tests, a teacher-psychologist interview, and a teacher's rating chart of the child, done at the end of Grade 1. The teacher's input to the process was found to be the single most important part of the identification procedure in terms of accurate prediction of later achievement and grade placement. The total package classified 86% of the students accurately into "at risk" and "not at risk" groups. Language background did not significantly affect prediction accuracy, but students of lower socioeconomic status were classified incorrectly more often than children of higher SES families. (Author/CM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Toronto Board of Education (Ontario). Research Dept.
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