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ERIC Number: ED154602
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Sentence and Clause: A Taxonomy in a Generative Framework. Reports on Text Linguistics: Four Papers on Text, Style and Syntax.
This paper examines the question of whether two labels should be used for the units traditionally called "sentence" and "clause" or whether the same label should be used and the units distinguished in some other way. Proponents of a two-level analysis have traditionally argued that sentences and clauses can have different structures. A related argument is that sentences and clauses have different distributions. It is proposed that a sentence and a clause have the same deep structure, and that they have the same potential distribution, and therefore can be assigned the same categorical label. An approximate theory of levels is proposed which considers words and sentences as borderline categories, with words defined as minimal phrases and sentences as minimal utterances. Four grammars are outlined as well as a sentence taxonomy which is compatible with each alternative. A translation into Finnish and Swedish of the terminology contained in the taxonomy is proposed. It is concluded that one category, "sentence," should be used for the traditional categories "sentence" and "clause." This category can be subdivided according to functional criteria into "independent,""conjunct," and "hypotactic" sentences, and according to structural criteria into "compound sentence" and "clause." (AM)
Descriptors: Classification, Connected Discourse, Deep Structure, Generative Grammar, Grammar, Kernel Sentences, Language Classification, Language Research, Linguistic Theory, Phrase Structure, Sentence Combining, Sentence Structure, Sentences, Structural Analysis, Surface Structure, Syntax, Traditional Grammar, Transformational Generative Grammar
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Abo Akademi (Finland).