ERIC Number: ED154523
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr-2
Reference Count: 0
Inter-District Cooperation: Salvation of the Small School District. New Regionalism.
Hartman, Luther E.
In its least complex form, a cooperative can be an informal agreement between two or more school districts to cooperatively accomplish some task. As a cooperative gets more formalized and organized, with its own staff, its operations become more removed the control of its constituents and member districts. The local school district's primary responsibility is to deliver programs and services directly to students, while the intermediate unit is primarily responsible for coordination and delivery of services to member districts and staffs. At the third echelon, the state department of education is primarily responsible for policy-making, research, and enforcement of statutes and regulations. A co-op fits this taxonomy as an intermediate unit, but it can have attributes of all three echelons. Older forms of intermediate units were originally arms of the state and were more responsive to state requirements than to the needs and desires of local units. However, the recent rise in popularity of regional education service agencies is predicated on the experience of local school districts and their individual needs and constraints. In most cases, they are formal extensions of cooperative arrangements between districts. The chief purpose of any cooperative or regional service agency is to help the local district to help itself. The service concept is growing and seems to dominate the newer concept of the intermediate unit. (Author/JG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National School Boards Association (38th, Anaheim, California, April 1-4, 1978)