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ERIC Number: ED154465
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Toulmin, Values, and the Rhetoric of Interpersonal Communication.
Kendall, Robert D.
In "The Uses of Argument" Stephen Toulmin developed a method for analyzing arguments that calls attention to the reasoning processes that undergird a speaker's claims. By changing three terms used in Toulmin's methods it can be applied to interpersonal communication to analyze the speaker's perspective on an issue. The term "argument" is changed to "perspective" in order to accentuate the shared relationship that is involved in interpersonal communication. "It seems to me" is substituted for "presumably" to focus on the individual as having responsibility for his or her own perceptions. "Claim" is changed to "assertion," which implies a more interpretive response to an individual's perception. A case study of a boy in Florida demonstrates the importance of discovering the values underlying the assertions the other makes. The boy's family and counselors considered him disturbed since his values differed from theirs. At no time did they seek to discover the boy's values, nor did they ask themselves to evaluate their own judgements. The application of this revised Toulmin model to interpersonal relationships can be a helpful procedure toward achieving understanding and mutual growth. (DF)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Central States Speech Association (Chicago, Illinois, April 1978) ; Best copy available