ERIC Number: ED154457
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Attraction and Communicator Style: Perceptual Differences between Friends and Enemies as a Function of Sex and Race.
Miller, Larry D.
Research on attraction in an interpersonal context has strongly suggested that the more attracted two people are to one another, the more they tend to communicate. This study explored attraction and social interaction patterns at the perceptual level. Eighty male and female graduate students, 40 black and 40 white, completed a two part measure of attraction (physical and task) and a three part measure of dominance, argumentativeness, and dramatic components involved in communicative style. After completing the items dealing with self, each participant rated his or her best male friend, best female friend, worst female friend, worst male acquaintance, and worst female acquaintance. The data revealed no major sex related differences, except that males and females are more attracted to opposite sex friends than to same sex friends. Across both data sets a race effect was detected: for best friends, whites emphasize communicative dominance and task attraction, while blacks emphasize dramatic qualities, physical attraction, and argumentativeness. For worst acquaintances, blacks tend to stress dramatic qualities and physical attraction, while whites emphasize more task attractiveness, dominance, and argumentativeness. (MAI)
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Body Language, Communication (Thought Transfer), Conflict, Friendship, Interaction, Interaction Process Analysis, Interpersonal Attraction, Interpersonal Relationship, Nonverbal Communication, Perception, Racial Factors, Sex Differences, Speech Communication
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (Chicago, Illinois, April 25-29, 1978)