ERIC Number: ED154419
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Metaphor, Induction, and Social Policy: The Convergence of Macroscopic and Microscopic Views. Technical Report No. 7.
Sternberg, Robert J.; And Others
In order to investigate the nature of metaphoric generation, comprehension, and appreciation, 8 different groups of 16 subjects were asked to rate each of 20 terms within each of 8 categories (United States historical figures, modern world leaders, mammals, birds, fish, airplanes, land vehicles, and ships) on 21 scales such as "warlike peaceful,""noble ignoble," and "strong weak." Data indicate a corresponding set of dimensions for the 8 categories, including "prestige" and "aggression." It is proposed that a metaphor is comprehensible to the extent that the distance is small between tenor and vehicle in both the superimposed within-subspace and the between-subspace, but that metaphor is aesthetically pleasing proportional to the smallness of the within-subspace distance and the largeness of the between subspace distance. Results of two further experiments document the empirical claims made by the two aspects of the theory. (Implications are drawn regarding metaphor, induction, and social policy, particularly with regard to problem-setting, and correspondence is noted between the results of this study and those of previous investigations at the macroscopic level.) (DF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Psychological Sciences Div.; Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Yale Univ., New Haven, CT. Dept. of Psychology.