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ERIC Number: ED154361
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Further Evidence that Children's Study Deficiencies Deter Successful Recall: A Study of Reflective and Impulsive Children.
Lange, Garrett
A sorting-recall procedure was used to examine the relationship between study and recall organization in reflective and impulsive children at the first and fourth grade levels. Data regarding sorting latencies per trial and the number of trials required to achieve stable sorts were provided by two indirect measures of the deliberateness and ease with which children established stable organizations for stimuli while studying. Older and reflective children had longer sorting latencies, derived stable sorting categories in fewer trials, and had higher scores for recall and recall clustering than had younger, more impulsive children. However, within and between age groups, differences in recall organization did not appear when clustering scores were corrected for variations in children's sorting behavior while studying. It was concluded that the poor recall organization found among younger and impulsive children after a sorting task appears to be associated directly with inefficient study rather than with deficient retrieval monitoring behavior. The present results also contradict the assumption basic to much of the previous research on this topic, which maintains that a sort-to-stable-criterion procedure equates age groups on the degree of study organization. (Author/MAI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, March 27-31, 1978)