ERIC Number: ED154348
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Individual Differences in Distraction by Pictures in a Reading Situation.
Willows, Dale M.
Recent research projects demonstrate that pictures in reading textbooks have a negative effect on the word-decoding ability of young readers. This particular study questioned whether the relative difficulty of the words being read determines the effect that pictures have on good, normal, and poor readers. After pretesting to determine reading level, third grade students were asked to read easy, moderate, and difficult one-syllable nouns under each of three conditions: a control condition with no pictures, an identifying picture condition, and an unrelated picture situation. The results indicated that the reading performance of poor readers, as a group, was influenced by pictures under all conditions, while that of normal and good readers was considerably less affected by pictures. There were, in addition, marked individual differences in the degree of susceptibility to distraction among the poor readers. (MAI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 1978)