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ERIC Number: ED154271
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Aug-10
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Death Anxiety and Disengagement.
Fried-Cassorla, Martha
This study hypothisized that when a person perceives his social network as constricted, and this constriction has been a "conscious" decision by that individual, then he or she should express little death anxiety. Subjects were 38 individuals who were at least age 60. Of these, 18 were members of the Gray Panthers (with expanding numbers of social contacts), and the remaining 20 were primarily from the Guild House (who could choose their level of social engagement). Materials utilized include Social Lifespace and Perceived Lifespace measures, by Cumming and Henry (1961), Rotter's Internal/External Locus of Control scale (1966), and Templer's death anxiety scale (1970). A Pearson correlation performed on the data revealed that generally, disengagement and low death anxiety are not positively correlated. However, the Gray Panthers showed a significant negative correlation between these variables. There were no significant differences between the two groups. All subjects felt their social networks were either unchanged or slightly decreased since age 45, and that they do exert control over their own lives. They did not express much fear of death. The hypothesis of this study was refuted. The results suggest a possible correlation between high ideals of social involvement and low death anxiety. (Author/JLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A