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ERIC Number: ED154131
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar-28
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Career Education and Identity Status.
Adelman, Stanley I.; Ciminillo, Lewis
A study was conducted to analyze the relationship between the availability of a comprehensive career education program and the development of ego identity by high school seniors. Marcia's continuum of identity development with its four stages (identity diffusion, foreclosure, moratorium, and identity achievement) was used in combination with interview techniques to compare students in a district with a fully developed career education program and students in a district without a formal career education program. Thirty students randomly selected from the senior class in each district were interviewed by six university students trained in Marcia's procedures. Tapes of the interviews were then reviewed by two university professors similarly trained. Since the results did not support the hypothesis that school systems with a formal program significantly increased the vocational identity status of students, outside factors, such as the fact that both schools had strong counseling programs, had to be considered. As a check on these factors, a comparison was made with the results of a study performed on college freshmen by Waterman and Waterman (using similar methodology) which concentrated on ideological identity. Career education, it was concluded, has been too narrowly defined as preparation for work rather than as a part of a full program of personal development including political and ideological awareness. (EG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 28, 1978); Not available in hard copy due to reproducibility problems