ERIC Number: ED153941
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Using Questions in Social Studies. How To Do It Series. Series 2, No. 4.
Types of questions that serve to stimulate and develop social studies discussions are introduced and illustrated. Teachers are given suggestions on how to use questioning to help students develop social studies knowledge and skills. Three important phases of discussion include: the initiation phase, which indicates the purpose of the discussion; the development phase, which allows elaboration and comparison of ideas; and the synthesis, or concluding phase. Six types of questions can be useful within discussions. Questions that call for creative expression and judgment provide focus and stimulate interest and thought. Personal belief/experience questions and comprehension questions which call for inferencing and hypothesizing are effective in initiating discussion. Comprehension, creative expression, and judgment questions are useful in synthesis. Follow-up questions are useful in all phases. To achieve greatest effectiveness, a questioning strategy should be employed. Strategies provide a sequence of interrelated questions intended to facilitate attainment of specific learning goals. In stimulating and maintaining student participation in productive dialogue, teachers also must be aware of techniques in moderating, pacing, and reacting to student responses. (Author/AV)
Descriptors: Discussion (Teaching Technique), Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Materials, Questioning Techniques, Social Studies, Student Participation, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Role, Teaching Methods
National Council for the Social Studies, 1515 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 1, Arlington, Virginia 22209 ($1.00, paper cover, quantity discounts available)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council for the Social Studies, Washington, DC.
Note: For related documents, see ED 139 724-726 ; Some parts of document may be marginally legible due to small type