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ERIC Number: ED153707
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Memory Skills to Young Children in Home and School Environments.
Sullivan, Roxanne L.; Lange, Garrett
This study assessed the role of parental teaching in improving children's memory skills. Subjects were 32 parent couples, each with a 3- or 4-year-old child. Teaching sessions consisted of each parent helping his or her child memorize a 20-item set of pictures of familiar objects for a free-recall task. Verbal communications of each parent were converted into message units, defined as single meaningful statements or questions. Four primary strategies were evident: simple naming, item elaboration, story elaboration, and grouping. Results indicated that the only strategy frequently used by both mothers and fathers was simple naming. Children achieved similar levels of reacall with both mothers and fathers serving as teachers. Recall scores increased with chronological age, and the number of items recalled at both age levels was substantially higher than the numbers reported previously by Meyers and Permutter for same-age children under self-study instructions. There was no apparent connection between any of the teaching strategies parents used and the children's ability to remember the picture names. Strategy-related message units were recoded on the basis of whether they encouraged or required the child to operate on the items (by grouping, elaborating or naming) and whether the child did so. Results indicated that less than 25% of all strategy-related communications encouraged the child to operate on an item, and of those statements, only 19% were successful. Plans for a survey to study parental emphasis on memory in the home are discussed. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Association for the Education of Young Children (Dearborn, Michigan, March 9-12, 1978)