ERIC Number: ED153676
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Risk Taking in Community College Students: Age and Sex Differences.
Okun, Morris A.; Johnston, Lynn D.
To determine the relationship between age and risk taking for community college students, 74 male and 72 female students, ranging from 18-79 years of age, took a vocabulary test in which six "nonsense" items were interspersed among 54 legitimate items (following Slakter's procedure). Test instructions explained a penalty would be levied for incorrect responses and that no change in score would occur for omitted items. It was hypothesized that any response on "nonsense" items would be an indicator of risk taking behavior. Results of correlational analyses indicated that the proportion of linear risk taking variance explained by age and sex was low, but that a moderate proportion of nonlinear variance was associated with age differentiation. By comparing data with those reported in a previous study of New York state students, an age function for risk taking on objective examinations across a large life-span proportion was constructed. Comparison findings showed that high school students had higher risk scores than mature adults, who, in turn, had higher risk scores relative to young and middle-aged adults, suggesting the possibility of a nonlinear age function for risk taking from the second to the seventh decade of life. A bibliography is included. (TR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Arizona State Univ., Tempe.; National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 27, 1978)