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ERIC Number: ED153561
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Conceptual Framework for Educational Outcomes.
Lenning, Oscar T.; And Others
Educational outputs are defined as the direct end products, events or conditions that result from facilitation and production processes within educational institutions. The conceptual framework for education outcomes developed by the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS) is explained. The basic elements of any educational outcomes are discussed, followed by a presentation of other factors important for an in-depth understanding of particular educational outcomes. Six elements identified as critical to defining and differentiating among educational outcomes are: output/impact (degree of directness which characterizes the relation between educational process and educational impact); form (mode or fashion in which the outcome is observed); measureability (degree to which the outcome can be quantitatively described); change status (degree of modification of the status quo associated with the outcome); focus (basic entity that is affected by outcome); and neutrality (value-free character of educational outcomes). Outside factors associated with educational outcomes relate to the producer/facilitator, audience, intention, functional area, and time of outcome. (SPG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, Boulder, CO.; Wisconsin Univ., Milwaukee.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 1978)