ERIC Number: ED153201
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Detail and Background in Visuals and Its Effect on Learner Achievement and Attitude.
Borg, Walter R.; Schuller, Charles F.
Eighty soldiers with the same appropriate occupational specialty (armor crewman) were randomly assigned to either a simple or a complex audiovisual lesson format to determine the effect of visual art on mastery of instructional material. The audio parts of the two versions were identical, but the visual art on the revised filmstrip was simplified by removing background, removing uniform details from soldiers, or sketching equipment rather than drawing it to scale. A pretest established whether subjects had prior knowledge of lesson content. After the lesson, all subjects completed two posttests: lesson content and an attitude scale. Data were analyzed using ANCOVA with GT scores (composite army aptitude test scores) and pretests as covariates, and with posttests and attitude scales scores serving as dependent variables. Results suggest that complex art in audiovisual lessons contributes nothing to either the soldier's learning or to their attitudes toward the lessons. (RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 1978)