ERIC Number: ED153153
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Imagery Instructions in Children's Learning as a Function of Age. Technical Report No. 159.
Horvitz, James M.
This study is an attempt to investigate the usefulness of imagery instructions in learning PA nouns embedded in sentences and conjunction phrases with three different age groups (third grade, sixth grade and college students). In addition, six different item types are employed to convey increasingly dissimilar contexts from study to test trials. It was predicted that imagery instructions would show a decreasing facilitatory effect as a function of age. Results show that imagery instructions facilitated recall significantly for sixth graders, but no instructional effect was found for third graders, and a small, but not statistically significant effect occured at the college level. It is concluded that imagery is a useful mediator for sixth graders and above, while third graders are too developmentally immature to utilize self generated imagery. Semantic factors in learning are important, but imagery instructions used effectively may facilitate learning regardless of the semantic context involved. (Author/FC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.
Note: Master's thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison