ERIC Number: ED153143
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Situational and Social Factors in Leisure Decisions.
Kelly, John R.
This report examines the use of leisure time in North America. Some conclusions are as follows. Situational factors of association, frequency, location, and scheduling were found more highly correlated with the kinds of leisure chosen by adults than either census-data or immediate community variables. The type of activity is one significant element in the meaning derived from participation. Cultural activities, especially at home, are most likely to have recuperative values; sports to have meanings intrinsic to participation; entertainment and community activity to be relational; travel to be seen as a contrast to employment; and family activity to be role-determined. Finally, leisure is discussed form the perspective of "holistic" and "dualistic" approaches. In general, analysis of the findings of this research sequence suggests that leisure is neither fully integrated with work and family, determined by other institutional roles, nor separated into a segmented sphere of meaning and activity. Therefore, leisure may be approached as pluralistic with both variety and its own integrity of meaning on the one hand and with a complex dialectic of relationships with social institutions, immediate communities, and situational elements on the other. Leisure, then, is both existential and social with both the freedom and limitations implied by each. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (72nd, Chicago, Illinois, September 5-9, 1977)