ERIC Number: ED153095
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Some Conceptual and Methodological Issues in Understanding Ability-Performance Relationships. Research Report No. 16.
Schneider, Benjamin, Ed.
This technical report contains the text of papers presented at a conference on personnel selection research. The conference brought together scholars to share their ideas regarding ways in which their own special interests help shed light on ability-performance relationships observed in personnel selection studies. The contributions can be divided into four sets, based on their focus: methodological, cautionary, organization entry, and organization process. Two major implications are presented: (1) the chances of finding statistically significant algebraic interactions of ability and other variables (race, sex, situation, motivation) are poor; and (2) in addition to more traditional methodological reasons (inadequate measurement), at a conceptual level algebraic interaction terms will not generally be found to be statistically significant in field studies because of naturally occurring interactions among people. The conclusion is reached that ability and work condition, in linear combination, should be used by personnel selection researchers to increase both the prediction of performance and the understanding of work behavior. (Author)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Proceedings
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Dept. of Psychology.