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ERIC Number: ED152848
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Jul-25
Reference Count: N/A
Development of an Alternative Form of the Maternal Teaching Style Instrument.
Benson, Arthur Jerry; Sandler, Howard
The Maternal Teaching Style Instrument (MTSI) was developed by C. R. Barbrack in 1970, to record mother-child interactions. The mother's teaching style was observed as she helped her child complete a series of tasks. Both nonverbal (gesture, physical contact, direction, positive and negative feedback) and verbal behaviors (cue label, direction, question, information, positive and negative feedback) were observed. H. Sandler, L. Stewart, and Barbrack developed a revised form in 1971, as well as a new coding form. Sandler also developed an alternative MTSI in 1973. Form materials for the 1971 and 1973 instruments, directions for administration and coding, the scoring grid, and coding category descriptions are appended. Research studies which have used various forms of the MTSI are described; this includes the evaluation of home-based intervention programs in which the mother's teaching effectiveness is measured. In the present study, the 1971 revision and 1973 alternative forms were administered to 17 mother-child pairs. Data were analyzed according to race, sex of the child, and mother's age. The findings indicated that the MTSI differentiated teaching style behaviors, and that mother's age was the only demographic variable to correlate significantly with teaching behavior. Comparative analysis of both forms demonstrated the validity of the 1971 and the 1973 instruments. (Author/GDC)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Ability, Early Childhood Education, Early Experience, Intelligence Differences, Low Income Groups, Mothers, Nonverbal Communication, Observation, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Influence, Questioning Techniques, Racial Differences, Scoring, Sex Differences, Statistical Data, Teaching Styles, Test Construction, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Verbal Communication
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A