ERIC Number: ED152747
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Teacher Planning: Description and a Model of Preactive Decision Making.
Yinger, Robert J.
The primary objective of this study was to describe those mental processes involved in teacher planning decisions made prior to teaching. One elementary teacher's planning decisions were studied during five months of classroom instruction. Both ethnographic and information processing approaches were used to describe distinctive features of the teacher's planning "technology" and to develop two models of teacher planning. Two central aspects of the teacher's planning and instruction that emerged in this study were planning for instructional activities and the use of teaching routines. The structural model identifies five levels of planning used by this teacher: (1) yearly planning; (2) term planning; (3) unit planning; (4) weekly planning; and (5) daily planning. Goals, cues, form, and effectiveness criteria used at each level are described. The process model represents decision processes differing from the goals-alternatives-choice sequence of the linear planning model. Problem finding, problem formulation, and a design process involving cycles of plan elaboration and mental "trying out" are presented as major planning processes. (Author/JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Div. of Educational Programs and Research.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting, American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 27-31, 1978)