ERIC Number: ED152743
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Task Interdependence, Communication, and Team Management Among Elementary School Teachers.
Duckworth, Kenneth; Jovick, Thomas
The evolution of collaborative work relationships among teachers was studied in 13 elementary schools implementing the Wisconsin plan for Individually-Guided Education in a Multi-Unit School. Two hypotheses were entertained: that task interdependence in the teaching of students would (l) raise the level of work-related communication among teachers and (2) increase the scope of joint responsibility for the management of working conditions. These predictions were tested with data collected from individual teachers but aggregated to the level of the formal work "unit" or team. Data collected at four separate times over a period of two years were employed in the analysis. Results supported the prediction of communication but not the prediction of joint responsibility. Although positive cross-sectional correlations were observed between task interdependence and both communication and team management, multiple regression analyses for lagged effects produced only two significant results. During the second year of implementation, the extensity of task interdependence did exhibit positive effects on the extensity and frequency of team communication. However, it is suggested that highly intense task interdependence is characteristic of separate pairs of teachers rather than the larger, formal team, and might even be considered competitive with overall team collegiality. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene. Center for Educational Policy and Management.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting, American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 27-3l, l978) ; Best copy available