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ERIC Number: ED152436
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Behaviors of Kindergarten Children Under Selected Conditions in the Social and Physical Environment.
Peck, Johanne; Goldman, Richard
This paper reports a pilot study of ecological variables in a kindergarten play area. Behaviors in ten complex categories were recorded for all children present in the area. The level of experimental control was similar to the level of control that the teacher would have in the manipulation of the normal classroom environment. Subjects were 20 kindergarten children attending a university laboratory school. Eight 20-minute segments of "worktime" were videotaped on eight consecutive school days. For the first four days a large multi-level box-like structure was placed in the area. For the final four days poles and panels of fabric which could be fit onto the structure in a variety of ways were added to the area. Children could choose this or other activity areas. Ten categories of behavior were defined. Tapes of children were viewed and behaviors in the ten categories were recorded for each 5-second interval for each child. Results indicated that the complexity of the play structure alone did not account for variations in behaviors during the period. The social density of the area was related to increases in imaginative play and to a higher level of noninteraction, but not to an increase in aggression. Girls showed the same behavior patterns as boys during their time on the play structure but showed different usage levels. (SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 27-31, 1978)