ERIC Number: ED152414
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Drawing Training on Young Children's Paired-Associate Learning as a Function of Socioeconomic Level and Mode of Presentation.
Snartemo, Karen L.
This study evaluated the effectiveness of drawing training on the paired-associate learning of lower- and middle-class kindergarten-age children where learning materials consisted of simultaneously presented pictures, successively presented pictures, or successively presented aural nouns. Subjects were 84 kindergarten children, half from two Title I funded schools serving low socioeconomic residential areas and half from two schools serving middle socioeconomic residential areas. In the training session, experimental groups were presented with pictures or nouns and asked to make a drawing of the two things doing something together; control subjects were asked to simply think of a picture of the two things doing something together. When learning was assessed by a recall method, it was found that there were no significant differences between training and control conditions for any of the three presentation modes. Performance of middle-class children surpassed that of lower-class children in the simultaneous picture and successive noun conditions. Comparisons between presentation modes showed simultaneous pictures significantly better than successive pictures, and simultaneous pictures significantly better than successive nouns, and that there was no significant difference between pictures and nouns when both were presented successively. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.
Note: Report from the Project on Children's Learning and Development