ERIC Number: ED152039
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Labeling the Children.
The report describes research on the effects of labeling children from minority groups as retarded and includes a review of a system of multiculturalistic pluralistic assessment (SOMPA), an instrument for evaluating the abilities and potentialities of children based on different aspects of performance. Listed among findings of the Riverside study, an 8-year study on the prevalence rates of mental retardation in a community, are that the public schools were the primary labelers, children labeled as mentally retarded by the schools were less deviant than those labeled by other agencies, and that the poor were consistently overlabeled. Explained are the three conceptual models for assessment incorporated in SOMPA: the medical model, the social system model, and the pluralistic model. Issues basic to the proper assessment, classification, and placement of children in the public schools are noted to include the requirement that testing take into account a child's language and cultural and racial origins and be nondiscriminatory. (SBH)
Descriptors: Conceptual Schemes, Culture Fair Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Labeling (of Persons), Mental Retardation, Minority Groups, Models, Research Reviews (Publications), Student Evaluation, Student Placement, Test Bias
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock No. 017-024-00645-9)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.