ERIC Number: ED152001
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Stimulus Control, Transfer and Maintenance of Upright Walking Posture with a Severely Retarded Adult.
Horner, Robert H.
Upright walking posture was successfully trained, maintained, and transferred to a new setting in a 28-year-old profoundly retarded adult. An apparatus in the S's cap and vest provided reinforcement (radio) when the S's head was up. The first four phases of the study demonstrated stimulus control in the training setting, while the next nine phases evaluated the degree to which erect posture in the transfer setting could be controlled by manipulating variables (such as frequency of walks and experimenter control of the reinforcement) in the training setting. Results indicated that maintenance of posture gains in the transfer setting was excellent across a 6-month follow-up phase. (DB)
Descriptors: Adults, Behavior Change, Human Posture, Mental Retardation, Operant Conditioning, Severe Mental Retardation, Training Methods, Transfer of Training, Travel Training
University of Oregon, Rehabilitation Research and Training Center in Mental Retardation, Clinical Services Building, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 ($3.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Research Projects Branch.; Office of Human Development (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Developmental Disabilities.
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene. Rehabilitation Research and Training Center in Mental Retardation.
Note: Chapter in Habilitation of Severely and Profoundly Retarded Adults: Volume II.