ERIC Number: ED151999
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Vocational Training and Production Supervision: A Review of Habilitation Techniques for the Severely and Profoundly Retarded. Revised.
Bellamy, G. Thomas; And Others
Reviewed is research concerned with the vocational habilitation of severely and profoundly retarded adults, particularly ways to train the requisite job skills and increase performance of existing skills to appropriate rates. Noted are reports of training programs in which severely retarded Ss were taught complex skills such as assembling a 25-piece bicycle brake. Practical teaching techniques (such as shaping, physical priming, and modeling) are explained. Techniques for supervising production levels using both token and social reinforcement are also described. It is stressed that if the vocational difficulties of severely handicapped adults are viewed as skill deficits rather than deficits in individual potential, then improved vocational training for the severely handicapped should ensue. (DB)
Descriptors: Adults, Behavior Change, Contingency Management, Employment Potential, Moderate Mental Retardation, Reinforcement, Severe Disabilities, Severe Mental Retardation, Teaching Methods, Vocational Rehabilitation
University of Oregon, Rehabilitation Research and Training Center in Mental Retardation, Clinical Services Building, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 ($2.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Human Development (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Developmental Disabilities.
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene. Rehabilitation Research and Training Center in Mental Retardation.
Note: Print of the original is marginal and may not reproduce well in hard copy; Chapter in Habilitation of Severely and Profoundly Retarded Adults: Reports from the Specialized Training Program