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ERIC Number: ED151792
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Role Taking in Written Communication Investigated by Manipulating Anticipatory Knowledge.
Scardamalia, Marlene; And Others
The effect of role taking on written communication was examined by a compensatory treatment that provided subjects with specific anticipatory knowledge of the kind normally obtainable only by taking the viewpoint of the reader. Subjects in grades four, six, nine, and eleven learned to play a novel game from a televised demonstration. Experimental subjects also viewed another videotape, showing an ineffectual attempt by one person to communicate the game rules to another. The intent was to sensitize experimental subjects to possible communication difficulties without providing any positive guidance. Subjects then wrote instructions for playing the game. Overall, sensitization increased the number of essential ideas expressed, but did not affect clarity of expression. It increased the number of words written by the youngest subjects and decreased the number written by the oldest, and had the effect of nullifying a steep rise in wordiness observed between grades six and eleven among control subjects. Results suggested that an underlying growth in role-taking capacity manifests itself in different surface characteristics of writing at different ages. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)