ERIC Number: ED151707
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Leaders and Leadership: Of Substance and Shadow. Technical Report No. 2.
McCall, Morgan W., Jr.
The Research Division for the Center for Creative Leadership is committed to staying abreast of research on leadership and to developing new research approaches to that topic. This paper examines some of the problems with the accumulated research on leadership, reviews some studies of managerial work that stimulate new ways of thinking about leadership in organizations, and suggests some directions that might improve our understanding of the topic. Four new ways of focusing on the leadership process are arrived at: (1) The organization is dynamic, not composed of a small number of fixed parts. (2) The leadership role does not imply unilateral control by the leader. (3) Much of human learning depends on the receipt of valid and timely feedback on the results of behavior. (4) Political activity, in the sense of developing and maintaining a set of contacts throughout the organization and its environment, is an important part of managerial work. (Author/BP
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Creative Leadership, Greensboro, NC.