ERIC Number: ED151665
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Aug-29
Reference Count: 0
Modeling Influences on the Achievement of College Men and Women.
Severance, Laurence J.; Gottsegen, Abby J.
This study examined the influence of male and female models on the expectancies, achievement, and attributions of college students. A factorial design varied sex of subjects (male, female), sex of models (male, female), and causal attribution offered by models for completion of a novel task (effort, luck, ability, task difficulty). Females' expectancies for success were lower than males' expectancies. Overall, performances were not different between the sexes. However, a sex by model by attribution interaction showed that male and female performances were enhanced by different model-attibution combinations. Results were discussed in terms of attribution theory and social comparison processes. (Author)
Descriptors: Achievement, Attribution Theory, Behavior Change, College Students, Expectation, Higher Education, Learning Processes, Modeling (Psychology), Performance Factors, Research Projects, Role Models
L. J. Severance, Department of Psychology, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, New York, 12866
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (San Francisco, California, August 26-30, 1977)