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ERIC Number: ED151489
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
EEO Laws and the Earnings of Women. Reprint 243.
Beller, Andrea H.
This paper discusses two federal programs designed to promote equal employment opportunities for women. It analyzes the impact of the federal contract compliance program (affirmative action) and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 on the absolute level of the earning of black and white working women over the 1967-1974 period. It was found that both programs increased the earnings of women for this period of time. Moreover, it was found that the programs were effective in different ways, and that because of this they are complementary tools for reducing discrimination in employment. Enforcement of Title VII increased earnings primarily within industries and occupations. The federal contract compliance program increased earnings by lessening entry restrictions across industries and occupations, thus allowing women to move into higher paying jobs. Since the two programs are complementary, the entire equal employment opportunities effort could be made more effective if the programs were coordinated. It is noted that the charge system operating in Title VII is an effective mechanism for reducing discrimination in employment. The visibility of enforcement that accompanies the investigation of a charge provides a deterrent to discrimination that appears to extend beyond the scope of the original charge. It is also noted that black females appeared to have benefited greatly from enforcement of the sex discrimination provisions of the act. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Blacks, Comparative Analysis, Employed Women, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Federal Programs, Females, Income, Models, Trend Analysis, Whites
Publications Department, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (Free)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Civil Rights Act 1964 Title VII