ERIC Number: ED151405
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Sociolinguistic and Measurement Considerations for Construction of Armed Services Selection Batteries. Final Report for Period October 1975-June 1977.
Boldt, R. F.; And Others
Test fairness or bias may be defined in many different ways, and the existence of possible bias is difficult to demonstrate. Sociolinguistic analysis may be used to check for fairness or bias in test directions, test content specifications, or test items. Four sociolinguistic principles are held to be relevant for this task: (1) pragmatics--that the values stated or implied in test items should be consistent with the values and experience of the examinees, (2) processing--that the process required to arrive at the answer should be explicit in the item stem and appropriate to the test content, (3) formality--that the level of formality in language should not exceed the level required to state the problem effectively, and (4) redundancy--that clarity and completeness are more valuable in item writing than are brevity and avoidance of redundancy. These principles are applied to examples from a word-knowledge test which may be used in the Armed Services aptitude testing battery. Prospects for further research and test development are discussed. (CTM)
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Cultural Differences, Culture Fair Tests, Language Patterns, Language Styles, Linguistic Competence, Literary Devices, Military Personnel, Minority Groups, Personnel Selection, Social Differences, Sociolinguistics, Test Bias, Test Construction, Test Interpretation, Test Items, Testing, Testing Problems, Verbal Ability
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock Number 771-122/86)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower and Reserve Affairs (DOD), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Air Force Human Resources Lab., Brooks AFB, TX.