ERIC Number: ED151358
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Presentation of Instructional Objectives by Set or Subsets in Learning from Lecture.
Staley, Richard K.
The present study tested four predictions concerning the effects of instructional objectives as an adjunct aid in learning through the lecture method. First, the inclusion of objectives with the lecture was postulated to result in greater learning from the lecture. Second, objectives presentation by subsets was predicted to facilitate performance more than presentation by the total set prior to the lecture. Third, it was hypothesized that the provision of objectives would have an effect on performance measured by verbatim, but not paraphrase, items. Finally, the prediction was made that a more positive attitude would be associated with an instructional presentation containing objectives than one without objectives. Data was obtained through lecture treatment of 60 undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory educational psychology class. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of four lecture treatment groups. Data analysis revealed that the provision of objectives facilitated learning, but presenting these objective by subsets had no advantage over presenting the entire set at once. Achievement with verbatim items was greater than paraphrase items, and the provision of objectives facilitated learning on verbatim but not paraphrase items. The inclusion of objectives with the lecture resulted in a more positive student attitude. (Author/MJB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting, American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 27-31, 1978)