ERIC Number: ED151334
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
An Ethnographic Study of an Elementary School Teacher's Establishment and Maintenance of Group Norms.
Buckley, Pamela K.; Cooper, James M.
The purpose of this study is to describe, document, and analyze the classroom management techniques an elementary school teacher uses to establish and maintain group norms. An analysis of the data collected for a teacher who used a group process approach to classroom management is presented. Two types of norms were observed operating in classroom groups: informal and formal. Formal norms are established by an authority figure and stated in the form of rules. This paper analyzes the development of informal norms in a classroom and describes the classroom management techniques used by the teacher to establish and maintain formal norms, or rules. Teacher standards for acceptable student behavior, teacher expectations for individual performance, and the teacher's framework for instruction are examined. Rules established by the teacher for classroom behavior are organized into five categories: (1) rules that regulate student behavior outside of the classroom; (2) student talking in the classroom; (3) the care of classroom materials; (4) group cohesiveness; and (5) classroom work procedures. The data generated 15 findings related to the teacher's use of rules and the students' role in the process of establishing and enforcing rules. (JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 27-31, 1978)