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ERIC Number: ED151121
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Feb-5
Reference Count: N/A
Countering Macro-structure in the Location of Area Vocational Training Centers: Implications for Emerging Rural Communities.
Wheelock, Gerald C.; And Others
Vocational education programs/facilities in Alabama's 67 counties were examined to determine the degree of Vocational Education Act (VEA) success in achieving equitable distribution of vocational education facilities and programs and to explore the implications of ignoring the usual community structural prerequisites to locating an Area Vocational Training Center (AVTC). The hypothesis posited was: school demography indicators of need rather than local macro-community indicators of wealth and values will predict the location of AVTC's as provided for by VEA. Data were coded for: 1970; 1974; 1975; 1976; and 1978 (a code of 1 represented 1 or more AVTC, while 0 represented no AVTC in the county). The variables employed were: school enrollment; percent disadvantaged; establishments (20+ employees); percent school enrollment non-white; population growth rate (1960-70); and population growth rate (1970-76). Results indicated that: since 1970 there has been a tendency to locate AVTC in smaller communities with increasingly smaller enrollments; school enrollment was the strongest predictor variable throughout the study period; local values in the form of the percent non-white school enrollment exerted a strong influence on AVTC location in 1970 and increasingly strong influences in 1974-76; the hypothesis that AVTC's are located with respect to the proportion of youth who are disadvantaged was weakly supported only after controlling for the proportion of black enrollment. (JC)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Blacks, Community Support, Economically Disadvantaged, Enrollment, Equal Education, Facilities, Federal Legislation, Geographic Location, Hypothesis Testing, Industry, Longitudinal Studies, Population Growth, Programs, Racial Differences, Rural Areas, Values, Vocational Education, Whites
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Alabama A and M Univ., Normal.
Identifiers - Location: Alabama
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Vocational Education Act 1963; Vocational Education Amendments 1968