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ERIC Number: ED150761
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Formula for Early Infantile Autism.
Roy, M. Aaron
Offered is an explanation for the development of early infantile autism as defined by L. Kanner which incorporates the behavior of the child, the behavior of the parent, and a critical time period of development. Writings of Kanner on the characteristics of autistic children, parental characteristics, and etiology are reviewed. The formula suggested includes three necessary and interacting components: (1) a child who is unable, due to physical limitations, to benefit from usual amounts of maternal stimulation and/or who is deficient in proximity-producing or sustaining behaviors; (2) caretakers who tend to minimize contact with the child and (3) an insufficient amount of interpersonal contact during the first year of life. The formula is supported through a review of research on early experiences and infra-human development and attachment and identification in children. Identified as secondary (acquired by associative learning principles) characteristics of autistic children are excellent rote memories and echolalia. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: A tutorial presented at the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association Meetings was based on this manuscript (Denver, Colorado, May, 1974)