ERIC Number: ED150233
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Nov-21
Reference Count: 0
Father Absence: An Overlooked Factor in the Academic Achievement of Urban Disadvantaged Children.
Sciara, Frank J.
Father absence is a growing phenomenon in urban areas. Although both black and white children from low income families are affected, the great rise in father absence rates has been in black families. Three studies of the effect of father absence upon the academic achievement of urban elementary school children are presented in this paper. In the first study, 1073 reading and math scores of fourth grade black children in a midwestern metropolitan school system were analyzed. It was found that youngsters from father present homes scored significantly higher than those from father absent homes. In the second study, children in remedial reading and math programs from twenty Title I schools in a single district were analyzed. Children from father absent homes were found to be over represented (in proportion to their presence in the general school population) in both remedial programs. In the third study, first grade reading scores from three schools in an urban/ rural program were compared. Statistically, differences were found favoring the children from father present homes. The notion that father absence does have a definite effect upon some children's academic achievement is supported by the results of these studies. Some implications for future educational practice are suggested. (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, Comparative Analysis, Disadvantaged Youth, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Family Influence, Fatherless Family, One Parent Family, Remedial Programs, Statistical Analysis, Urban Schools
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual National Conference on Urban Education (3rd, November 21, 1977, Norfolk, Virginia)