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ERIC Number: ED150033
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Sep
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Multivariate Analysis of Income Inequality: Data from 32 Nations.
Stack, Steven
To analyze income inequality in 32 nations, the research tested hypotheses based upon eight socioeconomic variables. The first seven variables, often tested in income research, were: political participation, industrial development, population growth, educational level, inflation rate, economic growth, and technological complexity. The eighth variable, degree of socialism, had not been considered by previous major models of income inequality. It was hypothesized that less income inequality would exist in countries with higher levels of political participation, education, economic growth, and technological complexity; median levels of GNP per capita; lower levels of inflation; and a socialist economy. Data were obtained from the national statistical bureaus of the 32 nations and from the "United Nations Statistical Yearbook, l973." Data were analyzed in three phases. The first phase considered the relationship of the first seven variables to income inequality. The second phase identified the effect of industrialization on income inequality. Only those nations with a level of development below the threshold where inequality increases despite high levels of industrialization were included in the analysis. The third phase entered the type of economic system (capitalist or socialist) into the regression analysis. Findings indicated that the first seven variables explained 59% of the variance in equality. The eighth variable, socialism, increased the explanatory power of the model to 71%. The conclusion is that future research on income inequality must consider degree of socialism as a major variable. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (Chicago, Illinois, September 5-9, 1977)